Vietnam should promote livestock value chain development


The livestock industry accounted for 25.2% of agricultural sector GDP with a steady growth of 4-6% every year for the past 10 years. (Photo: nongnghiep.vn)

Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Phung Duc Tien made the statement at a conference on building the livestock value chain held in Hanoi on Oct. 27.

Tien proposed that companies producing the same product and operating in the same value chain should strengthen cooperation in production and business. This would help the agricultural sector achieve the objectives set out in the sector development strategy.

“It should put in place strategies and create a close link between state management agencies and commodity associations. This will improve the position and role of associations and also tap into the full potential of the industry,” said said Mr. Tien.

Duong Tat Thang, director of the ministry’s Animal Husbandry Department, said the domestic livestock industry still has plenty of room for development as it has a large consumer market at home with nearly 100 million. of people, and the nearby Chinese market. However, the industry still has many limitations and therefore does not yet reach the requirements of the region and the world.

The livestock industry is urged to focus on improving quality and value to meet the demand for delicious, clean feed. This requires the industry to build a value chain of livestock products, ensuring quality, food safety and hygiene.

Nguyen Xuan Duong, vice president of the Vietnam Livestock Association, said the livestock industry now has a strategic direction, specific plans, solutions and a relatively comprehensive legal framework.

The livestock sector has key products, such as pork, poultry meat and eggs; beef and milk; bird nests; and bees. It must have a channel-based development strategy for each product line, he said.

Nguyen Thanh Son, chairman of the Poultry Breeding Association, said the industry needs to determine key products in the next 10 to 20 years, the scale of production and consumption, and the role of parties in the chain, including businesses, farmers and cooperatives.

At present, foreign-invested enterprises are gradually occupying both the domestic market share and the export market share of the livestock sector.

Sơn suggested that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development create a favorable mechanism for commodity associations and enterprises to develop the livestock industry.

Vietnam does not have an association law, so the ministry is required to issue regulations and mechanisms for the operation of associations in agriculture.

Tien said the livestock industry has a relatively comprehensive institutional framework, including the livestock law, three decrees, five circulars, a livestock industry development strategy and a sustainable development strategy on agriculture and rural areas.

From 2010 to 2021, the industry has seen a 1.7 times increase in meat production, 2.7 times for eggs, four times for fresh milk and about twice for animal feed. The production of meat, eggs and dairy products essentially met the needs of almost 100 million people and 17 million tourists each year.

“Livestock accounted for 25.2 percent of agricultural sector GDP with steady growth of 4-6 percent every year for the past 10 years,” Tien said.

However, Vietnam’s animal production still faces challenges in terms of disease, climate change and natural disasters, as well as fluctuations in the market for animal feed raw materials.

Meanwhile, Nguyen Van Trong, vice president of the Vietnam Farmers Association, said domestic companies have yet to see the benefits of joining the association, which has led to a drop in membership. .

Trong said associations should promote cooperation with cooperatives and farmers. They must also coordinate with the Department of Animal Production to build a traceability system./. ANV

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