Turkish President Tayyip Erdoğan’s visit to the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) with his ministers and Popular Alliance partners was followed with interest by the whole world.
Erdoğan’s arrival on the island on the anniversary of the peace operation that took place on July 20 has great symbolic significance. Cyprus, which has been under Turkish rule for centuries, is a national issue on which consensus has been reached for the Turkish community and parties of different opinions. The parties of the right and the left also adopt the slogan “Cyprus is Turkish”.
Even Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, the chairman of the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) in Turkey, who gave moderate messages to the West, had to send nationalist tweets about the Cypriot affair to his voters during the hours when his rival Erdoğan was on the island. .
During this visit, Erdoğan announced the Kulliye project in which a presidential complex and a parliamentary building will be constructed for the TRNC. This project marks a new stage in the national agreement with the nation.
By offering this gift to Nicosia, Ankara announced to the world that the elected and sovereign president of the TRNC will no longer reside in the residence of the British colonial vice governor.
In the coming days, we could see other movements, including the recognition of the TRNC by some states.
How did he get to this point?
The Republic of Cyprus was created by the Zurich and London Agreements signed in 1959 between Turkey, England and Greece and the Turkish and Greek communities of Cyprus. The three signatory countries of the agreement have become the guarantors of the Republic of Cyprus.
However, it ended in 1963, after the Greek Cypriots unilaterally annulled the Constitution by force. The Greek Cypriots who took up arms to achieve their objectives of Enosis (EOKA), continued the oppression and the embargo against the Turkish Cypriots. Hundreds of Turkish civilians have been killed. EOKA leader Nikos Sampson, with the support of the Greek junta, staged a coup on July 15, 1974 against then-Cypriot President Makarios III in order to link Cyprus to Greece. With this coup, the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Cyprus were targeted.
After the coup, Turkey initially turned to diplomatic initiatives, in accordance with the guarantee treaty of 1960. Negotiations also took place in London on July 17 and 18, 1974. When negotiations broke down , Turkey launched the peace operation in Cyprus on July 20, 1974, using its guarantor right and taking into account the security of the Turks on the island. The island was split into two, with separate states established like the Turks to the north and the Greeks to the south.
The real situation, which has continued since that date, changed dramatically during the first years of Erdoğan’s reign. Erdoğan supported the United Cyprus project as the EU wanted. For the reasons I described above, he took a great political risk. Thus, during the unification referendum organized in 2004, when the “yes” were in the majority on the Turkish side, the “no” won on the Greek side.
The EU’s response
The EU, meanwhile, openly broke its promises and laws and admitted half of Cyprus, which had a sovereignty problem, into the union, even though it was the Greek Cypriots who blocked the solution.
Judging by the statements of EU officials, who use an iron fist in a velvet glove, they seem unaware of how clear this historical context is in the collective memory of the Turkish people. They still do not seem to understand that the determination announced to the whole world by the TRNC on July 20 is the common will of the Turkish people, whose patience is running out in the Homeland and the TRNC.
Let us remind you once again.
For the Cypriots, the concept of “solution” has acquired a meaningless context. The TRNC people said, “Let’s focus on the economy and go about our business. We are a separate state and take care of that state. “
We have no patience for any concession to be made to Cyprus in exchange for realizing the dream of full EU membership, which we understand will never come true for Turkey either.
Let me even take it a step further and say that the hypocrisy of the EU has brought the public to the point of accepting concessions for any action that has not been taken for the use of rights that have been de facto “frozen” for years. (The closure of the ghost town of Varosha, known to the island’s Turkish community as Maraş, etc.)
After this period, there is no turning back.